In this article we seek to answer the question what describes the relationship between 5g and edge computing? This article will be organized as follows:
What is 5g ?
First of all, 5G must make it possible to respond to the explosion in our data consumption. According to the operators, they are increasing by 40% per year. At this rate, the 4G network will be saturated within one to two years. In 2025, one in five users will consume 200 GB every month.
This is therefore the primary interest of 5G: avoiding network saturation in very dense areas, such as stations, airports or even stadiums, by bringing it oxygen thanks to new frequencies.
Operators can switch to 5G the frequencies they have for 4G, namely the 700, 800 and 900 MHz bands, as well as in the 1.8, 2.1 and 2.6 GHz bands. Finally, in the coming years, but not before 2022 or 2023, the 26 GHz frequency band will also be allocated to 5G.
What is Edge computing ?
First, Edge Computing is a relatively new concept, it aims to process data as close as possible to the source where it is produced.
Data processing is done at the level of a gateway or an industrial computer that is geographically very close to the device that generates the data. Processing is often used to filter, aggregate and store data, but also to perform advanced anomaly detection, machine learning or even predictive maintenance.
So, the massive volume of data can be difficult to manage entirely on the cloud network. And, the Edge Computing offers full or partial computing capacity that can process data at the edge of the network. Therefore, It enables low latency, faster response, and comprehensive data analysis.